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These are the plants of 2020

A disreputable mushroom

Every year, environmental and nature conservation associations select plants, mushrooms and the like as representatives of, particularly endangered habitats. Here is the selection for this year.

Preservation of historical monuments in the Basedow landscape park in Mecklenburg Switzerland near Malchin

Girlfriend of the bees and nitrogen source

The gardener Jean Robin brought the black locust from America to Europe over 300 years ago. Bees love the legumes’ flowers. The leguminous accumulates nitrogen in the soil. For many species, enrichment makes life difficult for plants specializing in nutrient-poor soils. These locust trees are in the Basedow landscape park. There they are already considered a landscape monument.

Flowering fever clover

The water mermaid among the orchids

Fever clover thrives in bogs, swamps and wet meadows. The flower of the year is also a pioneer for other plants that settle there after her. With its high stems and petioles, it promotes the ventilation of the soil. And bumblebees love fever clover when it blooms between April and June.

Broadleaf orchid

Lovers of swamps and bogs

The broadleaf orchid also lives mainly in moor areas, swamp meadows and light floodplain forests – for example here in the Vicorburger Moor in East Friesland. The orchid of the year is on the red list of endangered species in Germany. Mainly due to the nitrogen input from agriculture, grazing and the draining of meadows, the stocks are threateningly declining.

Stinkhorn phallus impudicus

A disreputable mushroom

The common stinkhorn deserves its name. When fully grown, it smells of Aass and magically attracts flies. It looks like it owes its Latin name: Phallus impudicus. The fruiting bodies provide shelter, food and a hunting ground for small insects. The mushroom of the year should even be edible, but only at a young age.

Finger scarlet lichen

The notice period for a lichen

The scarlet lichen habitat is particularly the bark of spruce, fir, and pine. These trees are very common in Germany but are increasingly being replaced by other species because they are not considered climate-resistant enough and the era of monocultures in the forests will soon be over. As a result, living space is also likely to become scarcer for this common type of lichen.

Federchenmoos

Acid and shade-loving

The beautiful Federchenmoos has the same preferences as the finger scarlet lichen. That is why she was chosen together with her for this year. It is also to be expected that the habitat will shift ever further to higher areas and the north.

Crooked cucumbers

“Why is the Jurke crooked?”

“Well, if it weren’t crooked, it would be Keene Jurke anymore,” says the Berliner. These cucumbers are so crooked that they no longer meet the EU standard. The Association for the Conservation of Crop Diversity has chosen it as the Vegetable of the Year to indicate that the variety of varieties has declined drastically in the past decades. The cucumber belongs to the pumpkin family.

Chicory

Medicinal plant with a tough will to survive

The Wegwarte thrives in extreme locations: in nutrient-poor soils, on railway tracks, walls or rubble piles. It helps with mild indigestion and a temporary lack of appetite. In natural medicine, the root and herb of the plant are boiled into a tea.

Butterfly on lavender

A fragrant insect garden

The real lavender magically attracts butterflies, bees and bumblebees. The medicinal plant of the year has also been popular with humans since ancient times – in bath additives or as a spice in the herbs of Provence. Lavender is considered disinfectant, antispasmodic and soothing for the nerves. The plant is available as tea, in fragrant oils or perfumes.

belladonna

Beware of this ornament

Stay away from the deadly cherry. The nightshade family is highly toxic to humans and animals. That is why the Botanical Special Garden Wandsbek near Hamburg has chosen it as the poisonous plant of the year. The fruits of the perennial are the first symptoms to cause dilated pupils and sensitivity to light. Your active ingredient is therefore used in low concentrations before eye exams.

switchgrass

Drought-resistant and diverse

The millet (Panicum) is an eye-catcher for every garden. The perennial of the year always surprises with new varieties and variants. Ornamental grass is also easy to handle for less experienced gardeners and is relatively undemanding. It also thrives in sandy soils and on the side of the road. It can even stop during the winter, taking on a copper-colored dress.

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