The Supreme Court Vacancy After Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s Death: Live Updates

The Supreme Court Vacancy After Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s Death: Live Updates

The next justice “will be a woman,” Trump declares, as stage is set for titanic political fight.

The effects the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg could have on all three branches of the United States government — judicial, executive and legislative — came into sharper focus on Sunday as the battle over how her vacancy should be filled reverberated in the presidential campaign and the pitched battle for control of the Senate.

Even as Americans continued to gather to pay tribute to her — with stirring eulogies often followed by strident calls to preserve her legacy — President Trump vowed to fill her vacant seat “without delay,” and said that he would choose a woman.

“I will be putting forth the nominee next week; it will be a woman,” Mr. Trump told supporters at an outdoor rally at an airport in Fayetteville, N.C. “I actually like women much more than I like men.”

Justice Ginsburg, who is expected to lie in repose at the Supreme Court for two days, said repeatedly before her death that her “most fervent wish” was that she not be replaced before a new president took office. Joseph R. Biden Jr., the Democratic presidential nominee, said that the winner of the election should choose her successor.

Mr. Trump’s push to move quickly has already received pledges of support from Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, and Senator Lindsey Graham, who directly contradicted remarks he made in 2016 when he said he would oppose any effort to fill a Supreme Court vacancy during a presidential election year.

Social conservatives and evangelical groups, eager to shift the court decisively to the right on matters like abortion and same-sex marriage, also began mobilizing to push for the speedy confirmation of the person Mr. Trump ultimately nominates to replace Justice Ginsburg.

The fallout from the fight could affect the Senate for years to come.

While Democrats have few tools at their disposal to block a simple majority vote on a Supreme Court nomination given the Republican control of the Senate, Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the Democratic leader, indicated that they would instead look to retaliate with further institutional changes if Senate control flipped in the November elections.

“Our No. 1 goal must be to communicate the stakes of this Supreme Court fight to the American people,” Mr. Schumer said, according to a Democrat on the call, who disclosed details of a private conversation on condition of anonymity. “Everything Americans value is at stake: health care, protections for pre-existing conditions, women’s rights, gay rights, workers’ rights, labor rights, voting rights, civil rights, climate change and so much else is at risk.”

He was notably unclear, however, about the timing, whether he would push for such a vote before the Nov. 3 election or wait until a lame-duck session afterward. Several Republican senators face tough election contests and might balk at appearing to rush a nominee through under such conditions.

The more moderate Republican senators are a small group, and it is not clear whether they could control enough votes to block Mr. Trump’s nominee. Republicans have 53 votes in the Senate to the Democrats’ 47, and Vice President Mike Pence is allowed to break any ties.

Among the Republican members who hold the crucial votes are Senators Susan Collins of Maine, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Mitt Romney of Utah.

During an interview on Friday shortly before Justice Ginsburg’s death was announced, Ms. Murkowski told Alaska Public Media that she opposed confirming a new justice before the election. “I would not vote to confirm a Supreme Court nominee,” she said. “We are 50 some days away from an election.”

Senator Cory Gardner of Colorado declined to say on Saturday whether he believed the next president should be allowed to fill the vacancy, as he said in 2016 when President Barack Obama nominated Merrick Garland to fill a vacancy created by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia.

“I hope that before the politics begin — because there will be plenty of time for that — that we have some time for this country to reflect on the legacy of a great woman,” Mr. Gardner said during a candidate’s forum in Colorado.

There was immediate reaction from a few Republican senators calling for a quick confirmation and vote before Election Day.

Senators Martha McSally of Arizona and Kelly Loeffler of Georgia, two other Republican senators facing tough election races, each posted statements to Twitter calling for the Senate to vote on Justice Ginsburg’s replacement.

Still, Republicans expressed initial skepticism on Friday night that Mr. McConnell would find enough votes to confirm a new justice in the weeks before the election.

Reporting was contributed by Michael Cooper, Emily Cochrane, Reid J. Epstein, Carl Hulse, Annie Karni, Aishvarya Kavi, Adam Liptak, Jeremy W. Peters, Marc Santora, Anna Schaverien and Matt Stevens.

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