It is normal for a small amount of slimy, whitish-yellow or clear fluid to flow out of your vagina. On the other hand, women should see a doctor if their discharge is discolored, bloody, purulent, frothy, crumbly or smelly, as well as symptoms such as burning or itching. Read more about the symptoms, causes, therapy, and prevention of vaginal discharge.
In healthy women, the amount and consistency of the discharge is cycle-dependent and often increased during ovulation or before the period. Doctors also call vaginal discharge vaginal fluorine.
The discharge is usually accompanied by no accompanying symptoms. However, if symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain, burning or itching of the vagina are added to the discharge, or if the discharge is bloody, yellow, greenish or foul-smelling, this indicates a disease. Then the discharge can be caused by a vaginal thrush or vaginal infection.
In most cases, discharge remains without consequences – and resolves itself after a few days. The duration depends on the cause: If the discharge is caused by stress, it usually subsides when you find time to relax again. After a hormonal change, for example after taking the pill or changing the pill, vaginal floor usually normalizes after a menstrual cycle.
If the discharge is discolored, bloody, purulent, frothy, crumbly or foul-smelling, as well as symptoms such as burning or itching, you should consult a doctor to rule out an infection or inflammation. This is especially true when there is a fever and swollen lymph nodes in the groin area. If diagnosed accordingly, your doctor will treat vaginal thrush, vaginal inflammation or other vaginal diseases with various medications.
The natural vaginal milieu is characterized by the presence of so-called Döderlein lactic acid bacteria. Lactic acid is used to kill pathogens in the vagina. However, the acidic vaginal milieu is quite sensitive and can be unbalanced by physical and mental stress. Such burdens are:
- Stress or other mental stress
- Irritation, such as from a spiral or a forgotten tampon
- Hormone changes, for example through the pill, pregnancy or after menopause
- various vaginal infections with viruses or bacteria (vaginal inflammation) or fungi (vaginal thrush)
- Inflammation of the external genital organs
- Genital warts
- Inflammation of the ovary or fallopian tubes
- Infectious diseases such as gonorrhea or syphilis
- benign or malignant tumors of the uterus, vagina or ovary.
The main goal of therapy for vaginal discharge is to find and cure the cause of vaginal fluorine.
Self help against discharge
In most cases the cause is harmless. In naturopathy there are medicinal plants that you can use against strong discharge if necessary. Many women report positive experiences from hip baths with lady’s mantle, shepherd’s purse or chamomile. With white flow, i.e. the daily harmless whitish discharge, teas with oak bark and knotweed help in particular. You can not only drink all teas, but also use them as a bath additive in a hip bath. However, vaginal douching is not recommended. They would have a negative impact on the balance of the vaginal flora.
Medicinal plant tea against white flow
Mix 20 g of knotweed, chamomile flowers and nettle leaves with 10 g of oak bark. Pour 0.5 ml of boiling water over 2 tablespoons of this mixture. Let the tea steep for 10 minutes. After straining, drink the tea in sips throughout the day.
Oak bark against increased discharge
You can make a tea out of 30 g oak bark and chamomile flowers, 20 g horsetail and 10 g birch leaves. Simply pour 150 ml of boiling water over each level teaspoon and let it steep for 10 minutes, strain and drink a cup twice a day.
The best way to prevent vaginal discharge is to avoid aggressive intimate hygiene products. Many women believe that they have to clean themselves particularly thoroughly in the genital area. In fact, for intimate hygiene, lukewarm water and wash lotions without soap have a pH between 4 and 4.5. most suitable – and also completely sufficient. Also avoid vaginal douches, which only harm the healthy vaginal environment.
You should also wear breathable underwear made from natural fibers such as cotton. Jeans or trousers made of air-impermeable synthetic fibers that are too tight also hinder the exchange of air and thus create a microclimate in which pathogens can easily multiply.